Peer Reviewed Research

Since the mid-2000s, regulatory agencies in Europe and the United States needed verifiable, and credible studies to inform their regulation of molybdenum (and other chemicals). To address this need, the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) sponsored human health-based studies conducted in accordance with internationally-accepted scientific protocols. These studies assessed the effects of molybdenum exposure through dietary, pre-natal, and multi-generational studies. All three studies were published and independently peer reviewed– download them below.

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Third Peer-Reviewed Study

Second Peer-Reviewed Study

First Peer-Reviewed Study